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List of Pyro Chemicals and Terms


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#21 50AE

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Posted 10 January 2013 - 06:36 AM

Barium Carbonate BaCO3
MW: 197.35; CAS: 513-77-9.
Delay agent in glitter comps. Green color agent when the oxidizer is ammonium perchlorate with Chlorine Donor. Acid neutralizer in comps containing Potassium or Barium Chlorates. Used to reduce the burning rate of some compositions. Also used in Matrix Comet comps. White powder. Water Soluble. Melting Point: 1300° C; Density (g cm-3): 4.43.


Could not be practically considered water soluble, almost insoluble in water.

This is just a kind remark in order to improve the info. But I admire the job you did, very good work for this, it will be useful for anyone! :)

#22 DubaiAmateurRocketry

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Posted 09 March 2013 - 06:41 AM

I typed this also because i often compare oxidizers for different reasons so i thought sharing would be nice :P


_____________________Solid Oxidizers_________________________

>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

.

Note : All oxidizer's information are in Anhydrous form.

.

Nitrates___________________________________________________

KNO3 (Potassium nitrate) (White powder)
Melting point :334°C
Boiling point :400°C (Decomp)
O :47.47%
Specific gravity :2.109
Average FT: 800-1600°C
Performance: Low-Medium.
Solubility: slightly soluble in ethanol, soluble in glycerol, ammonia, water.
Hygroscopic
High availability

NaNO3 (Sodium nitrate) (White powder)
Melting point :308°C
Boiling point :380 °C (Decomp)
O :56.47%
Specific gravity :2.257
Average FT: >KNO3
Performance: Low-Medium.
Solubility: very soluble in ammonia, water, soluble in alcohol.
Very hygroscopic
High availability

LiNO3 (Lithium Nitrate)(White power crystals)(Anhydrous)
Melting point :255°C
Boiling point :873 °C (Decomp)
O :69.62%
Specific gravity :2.38
Average FT: >NaNOE
Performance: Medium.
Solubility: soluble in methanol, water, pyridine, ammonia
Extremely hygroscopic
Low availability

Cu(NO3)2 (Copper(II) nitrate)
Melting point :256 °C (anhydrous, decomp) 114.5 °C (trihydrate)
Boiling point :873 °C (Decomp)
O :51.1828 %(Anhydrous)
Specific gravity : 3.05 (anhydrous) 2.32 (trihydrate)
Average FT: =NaNO3
Performance: Medium.
Solubility: Soluble in ethanol, ammonia, water; insoluble in ethyl acetate
Low availability

Sr(NO3)2 (Strontium nitrate) (gray powder) (Anhydrous)
Melting point :570°C
Boiling point :645°C (Decomp)
O :45.36%
Specific gravity :2.986
Average FT: =KNO3
Performance: Low
Solubility: soluble in ammonia,water, very slightly soluble in ethanol, acetone, insoluble in nitric acid
Slightly hygroscopic
moderately available

Ba(NO3)2 (Barium nitrate)(Milky white powder)
Melting point :592 °C
Boiling point :~ Decompose at melting point.
O :36.73%
Specific gravity: 3.24
Average FT: <KNO3
Performance: >Low
Solubility: insoluble in alcohol
Slightly hygroscopic
moderately available
Note: Greenish flame

NH4NO3 (White powder)(White)
Melting point :169.6 °C
Boiling point : Decompose at around 210
O :59.9652 %
Specific gravity :1.725
Average FT: >LiNO3
Performance: Medium-High
Solubility: soluble in water
Hygroscopic,
Note:(change volume at various temperature). Detonable !
moderately available

Chlorate_________________________________________________

KClO3(Potassium chlorate)(White powder)
Melting point :356 °C
Boiling point :400(decomp)
O :39.17%
Specific gravity: 2.34
Average FT: =KNO3
Performance: Low
Solubility: Soluble in glycerol, water. Negligible in acetone, liquid ammonia
Hygroscopic
Note: Shock sensitive, detonable.
High availability

Perchlorates______________________________________________

KClO4 (Potassium perchlorate) (White powder)
Melting point :525 °C
Boiling point :600(decomp)
O :46.19%
Specific gravity: 2.5239
Average FT: 1500(Sugar) - 2000°C(Asphalt) - 3000°C(GD-Al powder)
Performance: Medium-High
Solubility: very poor in water, negligible in alcohol, insoluble in ether
None Hygroscopic
High availability
Note: Pressure sensitive, burn rate exponent^n High, high combustion temperature with Al.

NH4ClO4 (Ammonium perchlorate)(White powder)
Melting point :Exothermic decomposition before melting at >200 °C
Boiling point :^
O :54.4710 %
Specific gravity: 1.95
Average FT: 3100°C(APCP)
Performance: High
Solubility: Solubility soluble in methanol, partially soluble in acetone, insoluble in ether
Moderately available and hygroscopic.

LiClO4(Lithium perchlorate)(White powder)
Melting point :236 °C
Boiling point :430(decomp)
O :60.1527 %
Specific gravity: 2.42
Average FT: ~ 3200°C with GD-Al powder(LPCP)
Performance: High
Solubility: Soluble in most organic substances.
Extremely Hygroscopic!
Note: It has both the highest oxygen to weight and oxygen to volume ratio of all perchlorates.

NaClO4(Sodium perchlorate)(White powder)(Anhydrate)
Melting point :468 °C
Boiling point



#23 psyco_1322

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Posted 09 March 2013 - 07:15 AM

I'm glad that was useful, I'll get right on all those #'s.....
Some people think I'm sane, but they're crazy too.


#24 BurritoBandito

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Posted 05 April 2013 - 08:25 AM

Holy shit that's a lot... Thanks xetap.
A person who never made a mistake never tried anything new. - Albert Einstein

#25 leedrill

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Posted 12 April 2013 - 07:09 AM

thanks for bringing this up dag and mumbles if it was lost in the heap of threads i probably would have never read this
and on the seventh day, god was unhappy with the break on his finale shell, and decided to roll stars all day.

#26 asdercks

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Posted 09 June 2013 - 07:02 PM

WOW, GREAT JOB XETAP
MANY AMATEUR PYROS LIKE MYSELF WILL DEFINITELY BENEFIT FROM POSTS LIKE YOURS THANK YOU
To become a fireworker, you need five alements...
1. The talent of an artist.   2. The hand of a sculptor.   3. The heart of a poet.   4. The eye of a painter. 
5. The courage of a warrior.  -passfire movie.

#27 MWJ

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Posted 22 January 2014 - 06:26 PM

Very nice, thanks. This helps me out a lot! Copy and paste!



#28 longbeard

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Posted 28 July 2014 - 05:45 PM

Just read through the list and answered many of my own questions. Thanks!



#29 Shadowcat1969

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Posted 29 July 2014 - 11:08 AM

You'll find that you will answer a LOT of your own questions simply by reading EVERY single thread, all the way through.  At first read some of it will look like greek, but once you roll up your sleeves (figuratively - always wear long sleeves) and dive in some of the things that were confusing will clarify when you get close to the point of needing them.



#30 smokeytech

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Posted 31 October 2014 - 08:07 AM

This site is an invaluable resource for learning the art or pyrotechnics. Thanks for laying down all the wisdom for someone who "just smelt the smoke" displayimage.php?id=ed8rrivrxukg1966758.



#31 Pyrojack84

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Posted 19 February 2015 - 04:03 PM

Thankyou verry useful 👍
Very useful👍

#32 Livingston

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Posted 19 February 2015 - 11:57 PM

Freaking awesome!!!!

 

Thanks so much!!! 



#33 medo

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Posted 09 April 2015 - 02:10 PM

thank u man 



#34 OldDog

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Posted 31 August 2015 - 01:45 AM

Was a chemistry major in college [ended up as an RN somehow] and have played with pyro off and on for 40+ years.  Read a lot of pyro stuff over the years and must say that this list is one of the most useful things I've ever run across-thank you very much for the time and effort in creating it, Sir!



#35 dynomike1

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Posted 31 August 2015 - 06:28 AM

I am glad to see that. These Atomic numbers are killing us common folks.


There are very few problems that cant be solved with explosives.
                             Explosives are a bang up job.

#36 ShannonM

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Posted 02 September 2015 - 12:16 PM

http://www.pyrounive...om/glossary.htmhere's a link that might help

#37 Splashy

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Posted 11 January 2017 - 01:30 AM

Wow, thanks for the awesome information. As a newbie to the pyro world finding so much info in 1 place is priceless. Time for some reading


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#38 greenlight

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Posted 11 January 2017 - 12:18 PM

Very helpful list!
Printed...
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#39 CaptKen

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Posted 03 July 2018 - 11:20 PM

I downloaded the List of Pyro Chemicals. I'm academic by nature and a compulsive reader.

Also downloaded TurboPyro but not gone thru it. Anything that'll keep us Newby's safer while clawing ourselves up that learning curve is in good stead with me!

 

Capt Ken

 



#40 dlking59

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Posted 14 October 2018 - 07:54 PM

2 great lists these help a new person such as myself very much thanks to everybody






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